[70] Vidarbha is the easternmost region of the state, formerly part of the Central Provinces and Berar. Important cash crops include sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, tobacco, fruit, vegetables and spices such as turmeric. [207], The state has many post-secondary school industrial training institutes (ITIs) run by the government and private trusts that offer vocational training in numerous trades such as construction, plumbing, welding, automobile mechanic etc. [92] Districts are subdivided into sub-divisions (Taluka) governed by sub-divisional magistrates, and again into blocks. Bavasars (as the community is known as ) mainly use natural colours . with Mumbai as its capital. [87] The six tiger reserves located in the state cover a total area of 9,133 km2 (3,526 sq mi). Folk art is however not restricted only to paintings, but also stretches to other art forms such as pottery, home decorations, ornaments, cloths-making, and so on. Regional languages spoken in Maharashtra are Kokani, Koli, Malvani, Varhadi and Khandeshi. [65], Maharashtra is divided into five geographic regions. In some households, meals begin with a thanksgiving offering of food (Naivedya) to the household Gods. The state has a large, multi-modal transportation system with the largest road network in India. This tribal art was originated in Maharashtra, where it is still practiced today. (The name Mumbai comes from the original name of the city, Mumbapuri. [222] This usage includes private insurance and social insurance programs such as National Health Mission, which pools resources and spreads the financial risk associated with major medical expenses across the entire population to protect everyone, as well as social welfare programs such as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and the Health Insurance Program, which provide assistance to people who cannot afford health coverage. Marathi 24-hour television news channels include ABP Majha, News18 Lokmat, Zee 24 Taas, Saam, TV9 Marathi and Jai Maharashtra. Maharashtra has a wide variety of handicrafts available, some of which originated long back during the time of Marathas, Mughals and even Britishers. Capitală este Mumbai, cel mai mare oraș din India.Orașul Nagpur găzduiește sesiunile de iarnă ale legislativului Maharashtrei. [37] His son Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj succeeded in establishing the Maratha Empire which was further expanded during the 18th century by the Bhat family Peshwas based in Pune, Bhonsle of Nagpur, Gaekwad of Baroda, Holkar of Indore, Scindia of Gwalior. Maharashtra is a state that boasts of rich cultural heritage and legacy. 19th century Marathi literature includes the works of authors such as Balshastri Jambhekar, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Hari Deshmukh, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Jyotirao Phule, Babasaheb Ambedkar, Vinayak Damodar Sawarkar, Ram Ganesh Gadkari, Tryambak Bapuji Thombre, Hari Narayan Apte, Vishnushastri Chiplunkar and Keshavsuta. It is a form of tribal art which owes its origin to the state of Maharashtra in India. [60] Animal husbandry is an important agriculture related activity. The Godavari and the Krishna are the two major rivers in the state. Development of the Maharashtrian Class Structure, 1818 to 1931. Aamti is variant of the curry, typically consisting of a lentil (tur) stock, flavoured with goda masala, tamarind or amshul, and jaggery (gul). The University of Mumbai, is the largest university in the world in terms of the number of graduates and has 141 affiliated colleges. Multimillion-dollar Bollywood productions, with the most expensive costing up to ₹1.5 billion (US$21 million), are filmed there. [210] It is the first state in India to have nine women's hospitals serving 1,365 beds. Konkani, Kannada, Tulu and Gujarati are also spoken in some areas. [230][231], Maharashtra cuisine covers a range from mild to very spicy dishes. Brief Description. ", "Highest Circulated amongst ABC Member Publications", "IRS Q2 2010: Publications in Maharashtra see some light", "State wise Internet users in India Census 2011", "Citizen Charter of BSNL – Maharashtra Telecom Circle", "Maharashtra Football Clubs List with Names & Foundation", https://www.mumbaicricket.com/mca/about-us.php, https://www.vca.co.in/abouttheassociation.php, "Pune Marathas Video Profile – The Elite Football League of India", "Dilip Vengsarkar Profile – ICC Ranking, Age, Career Info & Stats", "Greatest Indian athletes since Independence", "Tourism Survey for State of Maharashtra", "Amazing Maharashtra: TADOBA NATIONAL PARK", Official Site of the Government of Maharashtra, Official Tourism Site of Maharashtra, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maharashtra&oldid=1004353352, States and territories established in 1960, Articles with dead external links from January 2021, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Southern Tropical Semi-Evergreen Forests:These are found in the western ghats at height of 400–1000 meters.Some of the species of trees found in this type of forests are, Southern Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests:Two main sub-types occur under this group. The wide range of cable channels available includes sports channels like ESPN, Star Sports, National entertainment channels like Colors, Sony, Zee TV and Star Plus, Business news channels like CNBC Awaaz, Zee Business, ET Now and Bloomberg UTV. The State's share in the livestock and poultry population in India is about 7% and 10% respectively. Konkan is the western coastal region, between the Western Ghats and the sea. Pune, called the cultural capital of Maharashtra, also attracts many visitors during the annual Ganeshotsav festival. Geometrical honeycomb pattern, flowers, creeper, fruits and seeds. [6] The campaign included advertising on traditional mass media, combined with radio, the Internet, and out-of-home media. [148] The Subordinate judicial service of the judiciary is controlled by the District Judge. Pune FC and Mumbai FC were the football clubs from the state that played in I-League. 10. Berar, which had been part of the Nizam of Hyderabad's kingdom, was occupied by the British in 1853 and annexed to the Central Provinces in 1903. These include, Melghat Tiger Reserve in Amravati district, Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve in Chandrapur district,[290] Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagpur district, the Nagzira wild life sanctuary and Navegaon National Park (bird sanctuary) of Gondia District. Maharashtra has a wide variety of handicrafts available, some of which originated long back during the time of Marathas, Mughals and even Britishers. Maharashtra este mărginită de Marea Arabiei la vest, statele Karnataka și Goa la sud, Telangana la sud-est, Chhattisgarh la est, Gujarat și Madhya Pradesh la nord și teritoriul unional Dadra și Nagar Haveli și Daman și Diu la nord-vest. [100][134] Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport, List of cities in Maharashtra by population, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport(Mumbai), Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation, Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur, List of higher education institutions in Maharashtra, Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur, Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai, Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad, Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery, List of State Protected Monuments in Maharashtra, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation, "Monsoon session to start in Maha's winter Capital Nagpur from July 4", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for Maharashtra and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: Maharashtra", "Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2019-20, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Planning Department, Government of Maharashtra", "The Maharashtra Official Languages Act, 1964; Amendment Act, 2015", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "Current State and Evolution of Industrial Relations in Maharashtra", "Maharashtra's 2025 agenda: Why state's $1 trillion GDP target could make it India's growth engine", Census of India, 1901, Volume I, Ethnographic Appendices, "Kingdoms of South Asia – Indian Bahamani Sultanate", "Malik Ambar (1548–1626): the rise and fall of military slavery", "Full text of "Selections from the papers of Lord Metcalfe; late governor-general of India, governor of Jamaica, and governor-general of Canada, "Formation of the Maharashtra State Biodiversity Board", "About Us | Maharashtra State Biodiversity Board", "Indian State of Forest Report – Mangrove Cover in India (2017)", "IDENTIFYING IMPORTANT AREAS FOR BIRD CONSERVATION IN THE WESTERN GHATS REGION OF MAHARASHTRA, INDIA", ". The State continues to attract industrial investments from domestic as well as foreign institutions. India contains no more than two great powers, British and Maratha, and every other state acknowledges the influence of one or the other. This form of art is very much influenced by various other art forms like ghazals, kirtan, kathak dance , to name a few. Forests comprise 17% of the total area of the state. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(6), pp.2269–2277. [142] The state cabinet on 13 May 2015 passed a resolution favouring the setting up of one more bench of the Bombay high court in Kolhapur, covering the region. [233] Depending on the caste or specific religious tradition of a family, onion and garlic may not be used in cooking. I'm drawn to these art forms. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Bajpai, N. and Wadhwa, M., 2019. 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