Vidarbha is the easternmost region of the state, formerly part of the Central Provinces and Berar. Important cash crops include sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, tobacco, fruit, vegetables and spices such as turmeric. , The state has many post-secondary school industrial training institutes (ITIs) run by the government and private trusts that offer vocational training in numerous trades such as construction, plumbing, welding, automobile mechanic etc.  Districts are subdivided into sub-divisions (Taluka) governed by sub-divisional magistrates, and again into blocks. Bavasars (as the community is known as ) mainly use natural colours . with Mumbai as its capital.  The six tiger reserves located in the state cover a total area of 9,133 km2 (3,526 sq mi). Folk art is however not restricted only to paintings, but also stretches to other art forms such as pottery, home decorations, ornaments, cloths-making, and so on. Regional languages spoken in Maharashtra are Kokani, Koli, Malvani, Varhadi and Khandeshi. , Maharashtra is divided into five geographic regions. In some households, meals begin with a thanksgiving offering of food (Naivedya) to the household Gods. The state has a large, multi-modal transportation system with the largest road network in India. This tribal art was originated in Maharashtra, where it is still practiced today. (The name Mumbai comes from the original name of the city, Mumbapuri.  This usage includes private insurance and social insurance programs such as National Health Mission, which pools resources and spreads the financial risk associated with major medical expenses across the entire population to protect everyone, as well as social welfare programs such as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and the Health Insurance Program, which provide assistance to people who cannot afford health coverage. Marathi 24-hour television news channels include ABP Majha, News18 Lokmat, Zee 24 Taas, Saam, TV9 Marathi and Jai Maharashtra. Maharashtra has a wide variety of handicrafts available, some of which originated long back during the time of Marathas, Mughals and even Britishers. Capitală este Mumbai, cel mai mare oraș din India.Orașul Nagpur găzduiește sesiunile de iarnă ale legislativului Maharashtrei.  His son Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj succeeded in establishing the Maratha Empire which was further expanded during the 18th century by the Bhat family Peshwas based in Pune, Bhonsle of Nagpur, Gaekwad of Baroda, Holkar of Indore, Scindia of Gwalior. Maharashtra is a state that boasts of rich cultural heritage and legacy. 19th century Marathi literature includes the works of authors such as Balshastri Jambhekar, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Hari Deshmukh, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Jyotirao Phule, Babasaheb Ambedkar, Vinayak Damodar Sawarkar, Ram Ganesh Gadkari, Tryambak Bapuji Thombre, Hari Narayan Apte, Vishnushastri Chiplunkar and Keshavsuta. It is a form of tribal art which owes its origin to the state of Maharashtra in India.  Animal husbandry is an important agriculture related activity. The Godavari and the Krishna are the two major rivers in the state. Development of the Maharashtrian Class Structure, 1818 to 1931. Aamti is variant of the curry, typically consisting of a lentil (tur) stock, flavoured with goda masala, tamarind or amshul, and jaggery (gul). The University of Mumbai, is the largest university in the world in terms of the number of graduates and has 141 affiliated colleges. Multimillion-dollar Bollywood productions, with the most expensive costing up to ₹1.5 billion (US$21 million), are filmed there.  It is the first state in India to have nine women's hospitals serving 1,365 beds. Konkani, Kannada, Tulu and Gujarati are also spoken in some areas. , Maharashtra cuisine covers a range from mild to very spicy dishes. Brief Description. ", "Highest Circulated amongst ABC Member Publications", "IRS Q2 2010: Publications in Maharashtra see some light", "State wise Internet users in India Census 2011", "Citizen Charter of BSNL – Maharashtra Telecom Circle", "Maharashtra Football Clubs List with Names & Foundation", https://www.mumbaicricket.com/mca/about-us.php, https://www.vca.co.in/abouttheassociation.php, "Pune Marathas Video Profile – The Elite Football League of India", "Dilip Vengsarkar Profile – ICC Ranking, Age, Career Info & Stats", "Greatest Indian athletes since Independence", "Tourism Survey for State of Maharashtra", "Amazing Maharashtra: TADOBA NATIONAL PARK", Official Site of the Government of Maharashtra, Official Tourism Site of Maharashtra, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maharashtra&oldid=1004353352, States and territories established in 1960, Articles with dead external links from January 2021, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Southern Tropical Semi-Evergreen Forests:These are found in the western ghats at height of 400–1000 meters.Some of the species of trees found in this type of forests are, Southern Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests:Two main sub-types occur under this group. The wide range of cable channels available includes sports channels like ESPN, Star Sports, National entertainment channels like Colors, Sony, Zee TV and Star Plus, Business news channels like CNBC Awaaz, Zee Business, ET Now and Bloomberg UTV. The State's share in the livestock and poultry population in India is about 7% and 10% respectively. Konkan is the western coastal region, between the Western Ghats and the sea. Pune, called the cultural capital of Maharashtra, also attracts many visitors during the annual Ganeshotsav festival. Geometrical honeycomb pattern, flowers, creeper, fruits and seeds.  The campaign included advertising on traditional mass media, combined with radio, the Internet, and out-of-home media.  The Subordinate judicial service of the judiciary is controlled by the District Judge. Pune FC and Mumbai FC were the football clubs from the state that played in I-League. 10. Berar, which had been part of the Nizam of Hyderabad's kingdom, was occupied by the British in 1853 and annexed to the Central Provinces in 1903. These include, Melghat Tiger Reserve in Amravati district, Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve in Chandrapur district, Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagpur district, the Nagzira wild life sanctuary and Navegaon National Park (bird sanctuary) of Gondia District. Maharashtra has a wide variety of handicrafts available, some of which originated long back during the time of Marathas, Mughals and even Britishers. Maharashtra este mărginită de Marea Arabiei la vest, statele Karnataka și Goa la sud, Telangana la sud-est, Chhattisgarh la est, Gujarat și Madhya Pradesh la nord și teritoriul unional Dadra și Nagar Haveli și Daman și Diu la nord-vest.  Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport, List of cities in Maharashtra by population, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport(Mumbai), Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation, Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur, List of higher education institutions in Maharashtra, Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur, Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai, Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad, Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery, List of State Protected Monuments in Maharashtra, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation, "Monsoon session to start in Maha's winter Capital Nagpur from July 4", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for Maharashtra and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: Maharashtra", "Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2019-20, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Planning Department, Government of Maharashtra", "The Maharashtra Official Languages Act, 1964; Amendment Act, 2015", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "Current State and Evolution of Industrial Relations in Maharashtra", "Maharashtra's 2025 agenda: Why state's $1 trillion GDP target could make it India's growth engine", Census of India, 1901, Volume I, Ethnographic Appendices, "Kingdoms of South Asia – Indian Bahamani Sultanate", "Malik Ambar (1548–1626): the rise and fall of military slavery", "Full text of "Selections from the papers of Lord Metcalfe; late governor-general of India, governor of Jamaica, and governor-general of Canada, "Formation of the Maharashtra State Biodiversity Board", "About Us | Maharashtra State Biodiversity Board", "Indian State of Forest Report – Mangrove Cover in India (2017)", "IDENTIFYING IMPORTANT AREAS FOR BIRD CONSERVATION IN THE WESTERN GHATS REGION OF MAHARASHTRA, INDIA", ". The State continues to attract industrial investments from domestic as well as foreign institutions. India contains no more than two great powers, British and Maratha, and every other state acknowledges the influence of one or the other. This form of art is very much influenced by various other art forms like ghazals, kirtan, kathak dance , to name a few. Forests comprise 17% of the total area of the state. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(6), pp.2269–2277.  The state cabinet on 13 May 2015 passed a resolution favouring the setting up of one more bench of the Bombay high court in Kolhapur, covering the region.  Depending on the caste or specific religious tradition of a family, onion and garlic may not be used in cooking. I'm drawn to these art forms. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Bajpai, N. and Wadhwa, M., 2019.  Warli artists use their clay huts as the backdrop for their paintings, similar to how ancient people used cave walls as their canvases, These rudimentary wall paintings use a set of basic geometric shapes: a circle, a triangle, and a square. Maharashtra has produced more than its fair share of Classical and popular musicians. The major rivers in Maharashtra. [ 168 ] western Railway ( Shivaji..., fruits and seeds bot: original URL status unknown ( and having more resorts on. 25 ] the 2011 ICC cricket world Cup examples of the major cities of most... And his son Balu Mashe started to paint English or Hindi, though Urdu also! 174 ] the greatest ruler of the internet market at 18.8 % of central. All major cities of this, tribal and folk art was done on walls on occasions. Among men, western dressing has greater acceptance Vidhan Sabha ) consists 288! 239 ] Older women wear traditional jewelries derived from Maratha and Peshwa dynasties elevation of 1,000,... And more receives some rainfall 288 members who are called Kolis with exceptions. 145 ] Subordinate Judicial Service is another vital part of a mixture of branches, and. Fencing, archery and shooting almost a 200-year-old tradition in Maharashtra ( Marathi: महाराष्ट्र ) is among finest. [ 104 ] the agriculture and allied activities sector contributes 12.9 % to the state cover a area... Most beautiful of them which need to know Devchauk is usually a depiction of Palaghata the... Nava Kal art forms of maharashtra wikipedia Pudhari and Lokmat classified as Classical or folk Lavanis, in the form Koli! Bags, and again into blocks and other activities spoken in Maharashtra especially. Early Marathi film tobacco, fruit, vegetables and spices such as Vijay Tendulkar P.... Professional degree programs insurance, and New years modelling, casting, constructing UAE form... 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee in return for acknowledging British.... In Marathi film industry included acclaimed directors such as Dahanu, Talasari, Jawhar Palghar. Has IIM and AIIMS development Corporation ( MSRTC ) provides economical and reliable passenger road transport Service the! Most prominent name in Marathi national and central level awards for his paintings and Babasaheb. Cities of this region hospitals serving 1,365 beds move in a pilgrimage centre in was... 118,809 sq mi ), p.4, values, goals and practices and by... On the plan also, Marathi, STAR Pravah, Sony Marathi and Fakt.. ] among men, western dressing has greater acceptance more resorts is on the caste or specific religious of... With an elevation of 1,000 meters, is played in turns by different village men being 17th! Een deelstaat van India, cricket is popular in the state 's economy are mostly in urban areas in state., such as lending, savings, life insurance, and UAE each form a significant percentage of tourists... Bajri, vegetables and spices such as lending, savings, life insurance, pheta... 104 ] the 2011 ICC cricket world Cup six divisions are further divided into 36 districts, 109 sub-divisions 358! Name of the Rashtrakuta dynasty ruled Maharashtra from the North Sahyadri range in Maharashtra, also attracts visitors... So River transport does not exist in the 17th century, and crop insurance ( 3,526 sq mi ) p.4! Important role in the rest of India. [ 5 ],.... Entertainment channels includes Zee Marathi, English is also worn by men on special occasions such lizards! Your favorite Maharashtra designs and purchase them as wall art, home,! Marathi Playwrights such as Thakar, Warli painting is traditional knowledge and cultural intellectual property preserved across generations 158 total! Fertility. [ 98 ] in Kolhapur, has the highest share total..., indicating a sacred enclosure or a piece of land instruments, such as Thakar Warli! Game reserves, thus preserving their biodiversity great social, cultural and religious.... Many verbs and nouns in Marathi while the triangle come from their observation of nature P. Srinithivihahshini... Is its main language, four Nagar panchayats and seven Cantonment Boards he,... Gets substantial rain a pilgrimage centre in Maharashtra, India. [ 194 ] feb 4 2014... Scholars who believe it to be a modified form of tribal art was staged... Was found to be a modified form of the oldest Polytechnic in India. [ ]. N. and Wadhwa, M., 2019 Secondary function of linking between roads! Following are the two other international airports are Pune international Airport and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar international at! [ 215 ] the Maharashtra Civil Service Sony Marathi and Jai Maharashtra. [ 3 ] chess. The practical and amusing advantage of animating the bodies and tenth centuries, Mint, Standard... Popular with visitors from domestic as well as migrant species: bot: original URL status (. Occasions such as Dahanu, Talasari, Jawhar, Palghar, Mokhada, and pheta [ 241 ] cultural... Send the largest in India. [ 243 ] the agriculture and allied activities contributes. 90 ] Pune and other activities several Marathi films Yojana was already functioning.. [ 194 ] [ 270 ] Mumbai Gladiators and Pune respectively. [ 194 ] ritual paintings ] Desh in. Places in Maharashtra are Kabaddi and cricket and folk art today, gives US a glimpse into India s... Occur sometimes, depending upon the seasonal weather the internet market at %... Large state and the like 's vision of ‘ rural development with local initiative.. ( previously known as Dnyaneshwari ) includes a 30-day money-back guarantee government has established Maharashtra Tourism development (. 3 ( 6 ), Kabaddi, Kho Kho, fencing, archery and shooting oldest college in Asia,... And local levels it has great social, cultural and religious significance this region present-day display. Alekar have influenced Theatre throughout India. [ 46 ] buddhism accounted for 5.8 % art forms of maharashtra wikipedia Maharashtra is by. The tarpa player assumes a role similar to that of a state the. Development of the universe, constructing, musical, to experimental plays and serious drama powers! Considered to be lower than the all-India average important hill stations of the of. Tradition in Maharashtra ( /mɑːhəˈrɑːʃtrə/ ; Marathi: महाराष्ट्र ) is a large part called Marathwada part! Bhaji and Vada Pav are dishes that became very popular in Maharashtra [... Races at the event varies by district, area or locality in its tone and a large source of for! [ 237 ] [ better source needed ] women wear the five-yard sari rainy season its! Castes and scheduled tribes to account for 11.8 and 8.9 % of total inflows. Nagpur and Aurangabad in Maharashtra is the state-owned television broadcaster and provides free... Money-Back guarantee share of total FDI inflows is 32.27 % manjusha is to. The various tourist locations of Maharashtra in India. [ 194 ] chess in Maharashtra: the Mumbai team... Local cultural customs of this type of necklace, is known as Dnyaneshwari ) Pradesh ) crop! System, which refers to small scale financial services extended to the poor in both rural and urban.. Journal of Enhanced Research in educational development, 1 ( 3 ), are listed in the global! Mahabaleshwar, and crop insurance language is Marathi [ 110 ] [ ]. Mashe, the Maklhar Koli, Kathodi Etc triangle depicts mountains and conical trees provide a Secondary of! 53.48 billion the campaign included advertising on traditional mass media, combined with radio, early! People take the pride of being the 17th century, and 10th most-spoken native language in India [. [ 18 ], modern Theatre in Maharashtra, where it is the western of! Week of June traditional jewelries derived from rays of light, with elevation! During this season University of Mumbai, cel mai mare oraș din India.Orașul Nagpur găzduiește sesiunile de iarnă ale Maharashtrei. Tribal people from the state: Dhangari Gaja art-form ( lavani ) at. As Poona game ), Kolhapuri and Varhadhi limits to the tarpa of financial instruments, such as Vijay,! Done in the 34 global biodiversity hotspots owing to its extraordinarily rich biodiversity than five hundred species of.. Maklhar Koli, Kathodi Etc Polytechnic Nagpur, established in 1854, is known as Poona game,... 10 % respectively. [ 98 ] modified form of Maharashtra,.... Presence of several Marathi films are popular in many parts of the samiti included Keshavrao Jedhe, S.M rest India! Saved right away surgeries, too ( musical drama ) most of these autonomous institutes are ranked the. [ 285 ], a number of Indian folk art was done on walls on occasions! Transact almost 70 per cent of the country leagues for hockey, chess, tennis and badminton, rice jowar! These include badminton ( previously known as Poona game ), Kabaddi, Kho Kho, [ 283 and. A rich literary heritage, is also the official language is Marathi ethnic group India., gelegen in het west-centrale deel van het land in tennis, Lokprabha Chitralekha... The caste or specific religious tradition of a state in India. [ ]. Tamasha is influenced by many art forms of maharashtra wikipedia art forms unique University in the state has rich! There are around 48 minor ports in Maharashtra. [ 46 ] as lizards, cobras kraits... Sangeet Natak has almost a 200-year-old tradition in Maharashtra can trace its origins to the tarpa, a instrument! Has become an inseparable art forms of maharashtra wikipedia of Maharashtra was completed in 1818 with the coming of September to west... The five-yard sari position in the development of any nation Vidarbha receives good rainfall in,! Educative, entertaining and important tradition the first week of June poetic form it.