78 percent were maintained not as pets, but rather for guarding, image enhancement, fighting or breeding. Mary Shannon Johnstone. Unfortunately, there is no evidence that such legislation makes communities safer. “We don’t support breed-specific legislation—research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources…. You can change your ad preferences anytime. In 2000, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at twenty years of data about … “…the American Bar Association urges all state, territorial, and local legislative bodies and governmental agencies to adopt comprehensive breed-neutral dangerous dog/reckless owner laws that ensure due process protections for owners, encourage responsible pet ownership and focus on the behavior of both dog owners and dogs, and to repeal any breed discriminatory or breed specific provisions.” To understand the ASPCA’s opposition to such laws, it is critical to examine what is known about which dogs bite and why, which dogs are most dangerous, and the impact of breed-specific laws to date. politicized breed-specific legislation in a response to a 2013 We the People petition (“Breed-Specific Legislation is a Bad Idea”). The term BSL has been in the news recently due to the proposed ban on pit bulls in Montreal, Canada. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. There is no evidence that breed-specific laws—which are costly and difficult to enforce—make communities safer for people or companion animals. Breed safety laws :: Over 900 U.S. cities have enacted breed-specific legislation and wolf-dog hybrid laws. In the United States, the A… Study of the results of the temperament test of Lower Saxony Author links open overlay panel Esther Schalke DVM, PhD a Stefanie A. Ott DVM a Amelie M. von Gaertner DVM a Hansjoachim Hackbarth DVM, PhD a Angela Mittmann DVM, PhD, FTA b Breed-based policies aren't founded on science or credible data, but on myths and misinformation surrounding different breeds. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The term is most commonly used to refer to legal restrictions or prohibitions on the breeding and ownership of certain breeds. Find a Trainer The Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association released a special report in September of 2000, republished by the CDC, which read, “Breed-specific legislation does not address the fact that a dog of any breed can become dangerous when bred or trained to be aggressive. From a scientific point of view, we are unaware of … Many states, counties and municipal governments are turning to legislation that targets specific breeds as an answer to dog attacks. As an alternative to breed specific policies, the CDC recommends a community-based approach to prevent dog bites. Regulating breeds puts the focus on the dogs, without addressing owner behavior and owner responsibility to the animal and the community. Breed Specific Legislation 1. This list is not intended to be comprehensive, as there are numerous other organizations that have publicly voiced that they do not endorse BSL. Breed Specific Legislation 1 Kim Farrow December 1, 2011 2. Across the country, entire communities ban or restrict dogs because of their breed or perceived breed. “Breed-specific” legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. and-outlaw-breed-specific-legislation-bsl-united-states-america-federal-level/d1WR0qcl) DogsBite.org – Some dogs don’t let go 3 The 2000 study was a culmination of three studies before it, which added 27 new deaths (from 1997 and 1998) to human fatalities examined in previous studies (from 1979 to 1996). The following organizations do not endorse breed specific legislation (BSL), also known as breed discriminatory legislation (BDL). 25 This type of legislation does not make concessions for those members of the breed who are valuable assets to their communities, such as therapy dogs, assistance dogs, or advanced trained dogs such as drug dogs and search and rescue dogs. However, it should be noted that information contained in the CDC report was gathered via media outlets thus rendering it an unreliable source to base legislative decisions regarding animal control. The task force has recommended that Prince George Countyrepeal the pitbull ban. Breed specific legislation (BSL) is an outdated form of discriminatory canine animal law that punishes all dogs of a certain assumed breed without regard to the individual personality or history of each dog. The CDC study concluded that there were 279 deaths of humans due to dog bites in the period from 1979 to 1994, of which the breed could be identified in 199 of the attacks. From a scientific point of view, we are unaware of any formal evaluation of the effectiveness of breed-specific legislation in preventing fatal or nonfatal dog bites. These prevention strategies require further evaluation. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws. Dogs are evicted from their homes or euthanized. Because of the many advantages of breed-neutral legislation (BNL) over breed-specific legislation (BSL), virtually all reputable canine organizations, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the American Bar Association, and many other organizations have either made position statements rejecting BSL, have adopted policy positions against BSL, or support repealing BSL including: To further characterize this problem and the involvement of specific breeds, CDC analyzed data from the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and media accounts in the NEXIS database *. Such attacks have prompted widespread review of existing local and state dangerous-dog laws, including proposals for adoption of breed-specific restrictions to prevent such episodes (3). Breed specific legislation (BSL) targets specific dog breeds, such as pit bulls and pit-bull-type dogs because they are deemed inherently dangerous and therefore deserving of prejudicial rules and regulations. Critical Assessment of Claims Regarding Management of Feral Cats by Trap Neut... PETA Letter - Opposing TNR of Cats - 2018 01-18, Feral Cats - A Problem that Cannot be Ignored, No public clipboards found for this slide. Breed-specific laws have a tendency to compromise rather than enhance public safety. An unneutered male dog is 2.6 times more likely to bite than is a neutered dog. Every step towards breed-specific legislation and breed banning is two steps away from solving the true issue of owner education and responsibility. “I hold that the more helpless a creature, the more entitled it is to protection by man from the cruelty of man” - Mahatma Gandhi 3 4. The CDC cited, among other problems, the inaccuracy of dog bite data and the difficulty in identifying dog breeds (especially true of mixed-breed dogs). The administration then gratuitously added an “opinion” of the effectiveness of breed-specific laws by referring to an In fact, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) decided not to support such legislation following a thorough study of human fatalities from dog bites. For example, Prince George’s County, MD spends more than $250,000 annually to enforce its ban on Pit Bulls. The heated debate over Breed-specific Legislation (BSL) carries a lot of emotion for many people. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) decided not to support such legislation following a thorough study of human fatalities from dog bites. What is Breed Specific Legislation? 1. BSL carries a host of negative and wholly unintended consequences: What’s the Alternative to Breed-Specific Laws? Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is the banning or restriction of specific breeds of dogs considered “dangerous” breeds, such as pit bull breeds, Rottweiler’s and German shepherds. They may actually encourage ownership by irresponsible people. How I Learned about BSL 2 3. The CDC concurs: “Breed-specific legislation does not address the fact that a dog of any breed can become dangerous when bred or trained to be aggressive. CDC AND AVMA: OUR RESEARCH DOES NOT SUPPORT BREED SPECIFIC LEGISLATION. Experts have proven that Breed Specific Legislation does not make communities safer for people or pets. Breed-specific legislation does not take current or historical behavior into … In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble these … In this 2013 AVMA source, written by many of the same people involved in the 2000 CDC source, they state in plain, clear terms: ... -wide study published in 2013 found no difference between the number of dog bites in municipalities with and without breed-specific legislation." Kim Farrow Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws, as has the State of Ohio. The White House response was a clever dodge given that these laws are a local matter. “And that’s exactly what breed-specific legislation is.” Here is the White House’s full statement on the matter, which agrees with the CDC’s position on bully bans: “We don’t support breed-specific legislation — research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a … Such laws range from outright bans on the possession of these dogs, to restrictions and conditions on ownership, and often establishes a legal presumption that such dogs are dangerous or vicious. It provides comprehensive information, giving you the confidence to challenge BSL in your community, making it a safer place for both dogs and people. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Breed Specific Legislation 1. BSL may also mandate specific restrictions for breeds or mixes, such as requir-ing owners to spay or neuter their dogs, muzzle their dogs in public and/or carry extra liability insurance. Dogs permitted by their owners to run loose and dogs who attack people or other animals, are real and often serious problems in communities across the country—but how to best address dangerous and potentially dangerous dogs can be a confusing and touchy issue. As an alternative to breed-specific policies, the CDC recommends a community approach to prevent dog bites. Repealing breed-specific legislation Breed-based laws are a dying trend - find out how you can fight them in your community. Because of the many advantages of breed-neutral legislation (BNL) over breed-specific legislation (BSL), virtually all reputable canine organizations, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the American Bar Association, and many other organizations have either made position statements rejecting BSL, have adopted policy positions against BSL, or support repealing BSL including: A chained or tethered dog is 2.8 times more likely to bite than a dog who is not chained or tethered. In the aforementioned study, the CDC noted that many other factors beyond breed may affect a dog’s tendency toward aggression—things such as heredity, sex, early experience, reproductive status, socialization and training. The CDC cited, among other problems, the inaccuracy of dog bite data and the difficulty in identifying dog breeds (especially true of mixed-breed dogs). Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is a common first approach that many communities take. The study period, 1979 – 1998, happened to coincide with the sensationalized media portrayal and resulting notoriety of pit bulls and Rottweilers. Such laws range from outright bans on the possession of these dogs, to restrictions and conditions on ownership, and often establishes a legal presumption that such dogs are dangerous or vicious. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is an umbrella term for laws that ban certain dog breeds in an effort to reduce dog-related injuries, but there’s little evidence that these types of laws work. In 2003, a study conducted by the county on the ban’s effectiveness noted that “public safety is not improved as a result of [the ban],” and that “there is no transgression committed by owner or animal that is not covered by another, non-breed specific portion of the Animal Control Code (i.e., vicious animal, nuisance animal, leash laws).”. However, the problem of dangerous dogs will not be remedied by the “quick fix” of breed-specific laws—or, as they should truly be called, breed-discriminatory laws. The CDC strongly recommends against breed-specific laws in its oft-cited study of fatal dog attacks, noting that data collection related to bites by breed is fraught with potential sources of error (Sacks et al., 2000). Exemption was possible after attending an especially developed test. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. “Breed-specific” legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. “Legislation aimed at eradicating or strictly regulating dogs based solely on their breed”. In 2000, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at twenty years of data about … Breed-specific legislation does not take current or historical behavior into account, or genetics, so dogs simply profiled as one of the targeted breeds (accurately or not) classifies that dog as “dangerous.” Calls for BSL increased in response to a perceived increase in the number and severity of dog bites in the1970s, particularly from dogs identified as pit bulls. The American Bar Association (ABA) “…the American Bar Association urges all state, territorial,… The majority of BSL is focused on breeds traditionally known as "dangerous," or those that have demonstrated particular propensities for aggression and violent behavior. “Breed-specific” legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. The CDC cited, among other problems, the inaccuracy of dog bite data and the difficulty in identifying dog breeds (especially true of mixed-breed dogs). Some insurance carriers are known to consider the specific animal’s history of aggression (or lack thereof) as well as its training and behavior, rather than its breed. Breed Specific Legislation 1 Kim Farrow December 1, 2011 2. About Victoria; Victoria's Blog; Victoria's Books; Victoria's Podcasts; Victoria's Links; See Victoria Live; Ask Victoria; Dog Training. The CDC maintains the nation’s database on fatal wounds inflicted by dog bites. 97 percent of dogs involved in fatal dog attacks in 2006 were not spayed/neutered. Is breed-specific legislation justified? BSL identifies a dog as … “Breed-specific” legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. Italy, for example, repealed its breed-specific policies after six years of costly enforcement and ineffectiveness. We must fight to end BSL. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a type of law that prohibits or restricts particular breeds or types of dog. These last two concerns are well-founded, given that: Recognizing that the problem of dangerous dogs requires serious attention, the ASPCA seeks effective enforcement of breed-neutral laws that hold dog owners accountable for the actions of their animals. Breed-specific legislation may ban own-ership of targeted breeds all together, or dogs suggested as being a certain breed, or a mix of specific breeds. It is costly, ineffective, and it undermines the human-canine bond. Dog Breed Specific Legislation. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws. Following a thorough study of human fatalities resulting from dog bites, the United States Centers for Disease Control (CDC) decided not to support BSL. Dealing with Reckless Owners and Dangerous Dogs in Your Community. Most importantly, they report that the ability to accurately cite … Breed Specific Legislation has been implemented in hundreds of municipalities across the U.S., including Prince George’s County, Maryland, located just a short drive away from the White House. On the bright side, many states (including New York, Texas and Illinois) favor laws that identify, track and regulate dangerous dogs individually, regardless of breed and prohibit BSL. Breed specific legislation is an ill-guided attempt by communities to reduce serious problems such as dogs attacking people or livestock. More than 70 percent of all dog bite cases involve unneutered male dogs. “I am completely and absolutely opposed to breed ban and breed-specific legislation,” states Dr. Ha. We must fight to end BSL. “The CDC is firmly against breed specific legislation,” said Dr. Julie Gilchrist, medical epidemiologist and pediatrician with the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Ga. Significantly, the CDC also noted how many other factors beyond breed may affect a dog’s tendency coward aggression things such as heredity, sex, early experience, reproductive status and socialization and training. Wags and Walks is a community of dog lovers working to promote shelter dogs as the best dogs in the world through advocacy of our unique family-friendly foster and adoption programs. (Huffpost.com) We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The CDC goes on to say "For all of those reasons, the CDC officially recommends against breed-specific legislation--which they call inappropriate. This is a view shared by many organizations, including the National Canine Research Council, a non-profit that has chronicled the implementation of Breed Specific Bans in countries such as Great Britain, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, the United States, and Canada. The CDC study concluded that there were 279 deaths of humans due to dog bites in the period from 1979 to 1994, of which the breed could be identified in 199 of the attacks. Breed specific legislation (BSL) targets specific dog breeds, such as pit bulls and pit-bull-type dogs because they are deemed inherently dangerous and therefore deserving of prejudicial rules and regulations. Breed-specific legislation does not address the fact that a dog of any breed can become dangerous when bred or trained to be aggressive. Breed-specific legislation (BSL), as defined by the ASPCA, “is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain dog breeds in an effort to decrease dog attacks on humans and other animals”. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws, as has the State of Ohio. ... Best Friends Animal Society Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Victoria Stilwell. Regulated breeds typically comprise the “pit bull” class of dogs, including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and English Bull Terriers. Breed Specific Legislation 1 Kim Farrow December 1, 2011 2. Almost every proponent of discriminatory, breed specific legislation relies on one ten year old study to make their casel. Breed-specific legislation (BSL), is any law, ordinance or policy which pertains to a specific dog breed or breeds, but does not affect any others. Breed Specific Legislation Above information is from ASPCA - to read more, please go to http://www.aspca.org/. Types of ordinances Beginning in July 2000 legislation in Lower Saxony restricted the keeping of bull terriers, American Staffordshire terriers, pit bull terriers, and 11 other breeds. We don’t support breed-specific legislation — research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources…As an alternative to breed-specific policies, the CDC recommends a community-based approach to prevent dog bites. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Thankfully, once research is conducted most community leaders correctly realize that BSL won't solve the ... – Centers for Disease Control (CDC) & American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) i. Data from the CDC shows that dog bites are misunderstood. As a court-designated expert on aggressive dog behaviour, I can tell you that any dog of any breed can become aggressive and bite someone if he/she is not trained, handled, and cared for appropriately. December 1, 2011. Such attacks have prompted widespread review of existing local and state dangerous-dog laws, including proposals for adoption of breed-specific restrictions to prevent such episodes (3). Statutes and Ordinances Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is defined as a law or statute that equates the qualities of a dangerous dog with a certain breed, and bans or restricts certain breeds based on identity, not behavior of a specific animal. Breed-specific legislation (BSL), or legislation or ordinances that single out specific breeds of dog for banning or strictures, is unconstitutional because it violates the 14th amendment of the constitution (commonly referred to as citizens’ civil liberties), particularly the … Get email updates twice a month on new dogs, success stories, and upcoming events! Breed specific legislation is an ill-guided attempt by communities to reduce serious problems such as dogs attacking people or livestock. Dogs are evicted from their homes or euthanized. And ultimately, we think that's a much more promising way to build stronger communities of pets and pet owners." Amended Complaint Britton v. Heller et al. Why Doesn’t Breed Specific Legislation Work? "Breed-specific" legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. Breed Specific Legislation or "BSL" is a statute or regulation that is directed toward one or more specific breeds of dogs. Julie Gilchrest, medical epidemiologist and pediatrician with the Communicable Disease Center, stated that while the CDC maintains the nations largest database on fatal wounds caused by dog bites, it is firmly against breed-specific legislation. The number one cause of aggressive dog behaviour is irresponsible ownerbehaviour, not breed specific dog behaviour. The CDC also noted the likelihood that as certain breeds are regulated, those who exploit dogs by making them aggressive will replace them with other, unregulated breeds. Breed specific legislation (BSL) is an outdated form of discriminatory canine animal law that punishes all dogs of a certain assumed breed without regard to the individual personality or history of each dog. And ultimately, we think it’s a much more promising way to build stronger communities of pets and pet owners.” Unfortunately, there is no evidence that such legislation makes communities safer. In fact, the CDC has recommended against enacting breed specific legislation due to a variety of factors. Breed-Specific Legislation (BSL) is, in simple terms, a statute or regulation that is directed toward one or more specific breeds of dogs. 84 percent were maintained by reckless owners—these dogs were abused or neglected, not humanely controlled or contained, or allowed to interact with children unsupervised. 4,7. We don’t support breed-specific legislation — research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources. Association ` Some are those who have suffered the terrifying experience of a dog attack while others are dealing with the hurtful discrimination of their loving furry family members. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a type of law that prohibits or restricts particular breeds or types of dog. We don't support breed-specific legislation -- research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources. When limited animal control resources are used to regulate or ban a certain breed of dog, without regard to behavior, the focus is shifted away from routine, effective enforcement of laws that have the best chance of making our communities safer : Any breed can become dangerous when bred or trained to be aggressive that... 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