The yellow-eyed penguin may be long lived, with some individuals reaching 20 years of age. Penguins that live in more temperate climates are more likely to suffer population declines. Hoiho is the Maori name for the Yellow-eyed Penguin, meaning “noise shouter”, referring to … The Māori name is hoiho. They live on islands in sub-Antarctica where they can access the sea easily and dive to great depths to hunt for fish and other creatures. The yellow-eyed penguin was described by Jacques Bernard Hombron and Honoré Jacquinot in 1841 . Be Her Village. The wings of the Penguin have actually become flippers. Penguins 101: Fun Yellow-Eyed Hoiho Penguin Facts The yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes) or hoiho is a penguin native to New Zealand because New Zealand has all the cool stuff. The yellow-eyed penguin is monogamous: a male has one female partner each breeding season. They live along the coastal shores of New Zealand and neighboring islands. The large/great penguins measure between 40 and 48 inches in height and between 22 and 45kg in weight. Put your dog on a leash around penguin areas. Interesting Penguin Facts. A small breeding range and habitat deterioration have led to a decline in the population of the yellow-eyed penguin, which is classified as endangered on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's Red List of Threatened Species. Chicks usually fledge in mid-February and are totally independent from then on. Most penguins swim underwater at around four to seven miles per hour (mph), but the fastest penguin—the gentoo (Pygoscelis papua)—can reach top speeds of 22 mph! The yellow-eyed penguin is so reclusive that breeding couples must mate in complete isolation, out of the view of other pairs, in order to successfully reproduce. They feed almost exclusively on fish (with a few squid as well), swimming near the bottom of the ocean to catch blue… 7 Fantastic Yellow-eyed Penguin Facts. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins are fascinating to watch – learn all about these spectacular aquatic flightless birds with our expert guide to penguins, including how to identify each species, their diet and best places to see them in their natural habitat. They gather in breeding colonies where they look after their young. A full-grown yellow-eyed penguin stands between 22 and 31 inches tall, which makes it a medium-sized species. Yellow-eyed Penguins (Megadyptes antipodes), the third-largest penguins, have yellow cat-like eyes. The yellow-eyed penguin appears on the reverse side of the New Zealand five-dollar note. Physical Characteristics of The Chinstrap Penguin. Leave penguins alone. Other 10% is made from cephalopods, squid and jellyfish. In fact, they are so agile ducking and weaving about that their actions in water look much like a bird in flight in air. Yellow-eyed penguins reproduce during the same breeding season, every year. Its name also describes the bird's bright yellow headband, which surrounds both of its eyes and wraps around the head. The yellow-eyed penguin lives on the coast of New Zealond. Their wings have turned into flippers and though they usually walk upright on land, some drop on to their bellies to scoot over ice. The yellow-eyed penguin is monogamous: a male has one female partner each breeding season. When yellow-eyed penguins meet, they emit a high-pitched vocalization that has earned them the name "noise shouters" in the local Maori tongue. King penguins are the second largest species of penguin. Endemic to New Zealand, you'll find yellow-eyed penguins — one of the rarest species in the world — on the Pacific nation's South Island and sub-Antarctic islands. Written by Ratika Pai September 22, 2020 Image: Shutterstock. Yellow-eyed penguins are easily identifiable among other species because of the yellow color of their eyes and also because the plumage of the back, flippers, and the tail is not dark black as in other species.They have a light yellow stripe around each eye that continues and joins in the back of their head. Yellow-eyed penguins provide a positive impact on the New Zealand economy because of the tourism industrybuilt upon viewing them. The Yellow-eyed penguins are able to dive to depths of 100 m (328 ft) and can hold their breath for up to 4 minutes. Here are 10 other fun facts to know about penguins. The Yellow-eyed penguin features the New Zealand $5 note. King Penguin Facts – Facts about King Penguins Summary. What Kinds of Penguins Live Near the South Pole? 1. The hoiho even appears on the reverse side of the New Zealand five-dollar note. Yellow Eyed Penguin Facts. The yellow-eyed penguin is believed to be the rarest penguin species, with only approximately 5,000 birds surviving in the wild, though population numbers fluctuate. These penguins are not migratory and stay in this range year round. Check out our top ten facts about emperor penguins… Emperor penguin facts. This means they are somewhat clumsy on land, but can really move underwater. Preferred species include squid, red cod, blue cod, sprat and opal fish. [2] Penguins that live in and around Antarctica tend to survive in large numbers. The characteristic used to distinguish between adult and juvenile penguins is the presence of yellow plumage on the adult’s heads. Most penguins swim between 4–7 mph underwater, but the zippy gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) can propel itself through the water at 22 mph. Deep The yellow-eyed penguin forages predominantly over the continental shelf between 2 km (1 mi) and 25 km (16 mi) offshore, diving to depths of 40 m (131 ft) to 120 m (394 ft). Yellow-eyed penguins have a piscivorous diet which means that most of their diet consists of fish. While penguins are typically associated with icy polar landscapes, yellow-eyed penguins make their homes and build their nests in coastal forests. This penguin species is native to New Zealand. The little penguin is the smallest penguin at just 12 inches tall and weighing only 2 pounds. – All penguin species live in the southern hemisphere, from the Galapagos Islands to the Antarctic continent. 5 Interesting Facts About Yellow-Eyed Penguins They are the fourth largest penguin, growing up to 68 cm tall. [4] Usually scruffy birds are simply moulting. Fact 1. Yeah, way to rub it in New Zealand. Emperor penguins are truly beautiful birds. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Learning various facts is a great way to expand your knowledge. The females are slightly shorter as compared to males. Today, I want to write about a really cool species of penguin, the yellow-eyed penguin. Penguins are birds designed by evolution for swimming rather than flying. The yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes) is only found in New Zealand is one of the rarest of ourpenguins. What Kind of Animal Eats Erect-crested Penguins? Crested penguins have yellow crests, as well as red bills and eyes. The average lifespan of a yellow-eyed penguin is 23 years; males are believed to live longer than females. On South Island, where much of the coastal forests have disappeared, they have been forced to settle in scrub vegetation. Size and Weight: They stand 62–79 cm tall and weigh as much as 12 – 18 pounds which makes them the fourth largest penguin in the world. Their breeding season starts in the middle of August and typically lasts 28 weeks. The yellow-eyed penguin considers as rarest penguin species, with only around 5,000 birds surviving in the wild however, population numbers fluctuate. Their white and black plumage serves as camouflage to predators, with the white appearing to aquatic predators from below and the black appearing to aerial predators from above. A yellow-eyed penguin may dive up to 200 times a day to depths of nearly 400 feet in search of small to medium-sized fish to feast on. The yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes) or hoiho is a species of penguin. It is the fourth largest penguin in the world and the largest penguin that does not live in the Antarctic. IN THIS ARTICLE. Interesting facts about American goldfinches, Interesting facts about pigeons and doves, Interesting facts about the Northwest Territories. A grown-up yellow-eyed penguin is about 24 inches tall which measures up to about 60 centimeters. A yellow-eyed penguin may dive up to 200 times a day to depths of nearly 400 feet in search of small to medium-sized fish to feast on. Little Blue Penguins are the smallest type of penguin, averaging around 33 cm (13 in) in … Their population is believed to be around 4000. Their breeding season starts in the middle of August and typically lasts 28 weeks. The yellow-eyed penguin is endangered according to the IUCN Red List and is threatened according to the United States Federal list; estimated population is 4,000. As is true of all penguins, yellow-eyed penguins are able swimmers and divers -- a necessity for a bird that must forage in the ocean for every meal. © 2021 WILD SKY MEDIA. 1. Possibly the most eccentric of the 17 penguin species, the yellow-eyed penguin is known as "hoiho" in Maori, the indigenous language of New Zealand, to which it is endemic. They are found in the southern regions of New Zealand, including Stewart Island, South Island, the Otago Peninsula and a few other islands in the same region. It is the rarest of all penguins due to the deforestation of the New Zealand coastline and the introduction of new predatory species to the island. For more information about penguins, explore the Penguin InfoBook. Yellow eyed penguins weigh around 7 – 8 kg (15.5 – 18 lbs), with the minimum weight measuring 5 – 6 kg (11 – 13.2 lbs). Couples are monogamous for the duration of the breeding season, which begins in August and culminates in March. 2. Physical characteristics Standing 65 cm tall and weighing 5 to 6 kg, the yellow-eyed is the fourth largest of the worlds penguins. Compared to a population of about 7,000 penguins in 2000, there are now only 3,200 to 3,600 of the birds in the wild, The Guardian reported in November 2018. The chicks take 39 to 51 days to hatch and both parents share keeping the eggs warm. Their chin … Adults have a white stomach and a black head, back, tail and wings. The following are 30 interesting penguin facts for kids.. 30 Fun Penguin Facts For Kids. 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