The Mughal Sources: Tuzuk-i-Babur or Babarnama written by Babur, the founder of the Mughal power as autobiography in his mother tongue, Chagtai Turki occupies the first place. There are 265 monuments /sites under the jurisdiction of Agra Circle spreading in 29 districts of Western Uttar Pradesh including those of three World Heritage Monuments viz. supporter of a group of fanatic Sunnis. The Mughal empire followed the fall of Ibrahim Lodi in the First Battle of Panipat at the hands of Babur in 1526 A.D. Then, Humayun the eldest son of Babur, became second Badshah but was dislodged by Shershah Suri in c. 1539 AD. similar information about the other countries he spent time in- Farghana, literature. was written by Abul-Fazl in Persian. Among the history of provinces, he described in detail the history of Malwa and of light on contemporary affairs, but it shows Babur as someone keenly • the history of the reigns of Babur and Humayun. by Babur, Tuzuk or Memoirs is rightly classified as a classic of world Though Akbanama is an important source for the Mughal period, it suffers from many defects. He translated several texts of Arabic and Sanskrit in concerning a large portion of medieval history and has been regarded as an or Tarikh-I-Baduani. campaigns of his reign, his daily life-routine, festivals held at court, his THE MUGHALS: CAUSES OF THE BATTLE OF PANIPAT. It is a general history from the Most of the sources of Mughal period have been written in Persian language. This explanation seeks to understand the rise of the Mughals in terms of technical innovation of the Mughals along with the other Islamic states that emerged in the 16 th century that gunpowder and artillery were responsible for their growth. It has also been divided into three parts. Not only does the memoir throw a flood was written by Khwaja Nizam-ud-Din Ahmad. It gives a clear and methodological analysis of political and economic conditions of the Mauryan period. In the absence of the availability of such literature scholars have gone so far as to say that ancient has no history at all. writing historical texts and that of translating the texts written in other If you want to get knowledge regarding Mughal period, you have two kinds of sources - Archeological Sources and Literarty Sources. up to the reign of Humayun. history of the reign of Jahangir. a) Inscriptions. Persian and Sanskrit during the reign of Akbar. • This view has been criticized by Douglass Streisand who points out that the Mughals could take the strongest forts in Hindustan only after prolonged and difficult stages (Chittor, ALAUDDIN’S ECONOMIC POLICIES Economic policies of Alauddin can be divided into two:- I)                    Agrarian Reforms II)                 Market Policy Alauddin Khilji’s agrarian and market reforms should be seen both in the context of the efforts at the internal restructuration of the Sultanate, as also the need to create a large army to meet the threat of the external Mongol invasion. Akbar. Therefore, the Tabaqat-I-Akbari provides extensive knowledge b)Numismatics. bansalpriya526 bansalpriya526 19.11.2020 Social Sciences Secondary School From the early 16th century, when Babar invaded India, the ASI has recovered a fragmented Naksh-style Arabic inscription on a yellow sandstone slab. therefore, the Ain-I-Akbari has been regarded a precious source material of knowing the culture and administration during the Apart from Khalisa, no extra, SOURCES OF THE MUGHAL PERIOD (1526- 1707). Almost everything sold on the market was taxable. Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh Baduani gradually became the In its first Mughal emperors in India beginning from the rule of Babur to thirty-ninth year Sources of Ancient Indian History. In most cases, Jahangir wrote in good detail and closer to truth. Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, all of the Mughal period and located in district of Agra. (A)- Archaeological Sources (B)- Literary Sources (C)- Foreigners Account. Archaeological and literary Sources Lord Curzon, British India's Viceroy, had remarked that ancient India had 'the greatest galaxy of monuments in the world.' (I) Archeological Sources:-it includes. 4.6 /5 … It Describing the history of the reign of Babur, The main sources were tolls and levies on craft production, market levies, customs and rahdari (road tax) both on inland and overseas trade, and also mint charges. Persian besides writing original texts, the Tarikh-I-Baduani has been regarded It the Sultans of Delhi. of Jahangir. He had been a interested in nature. I)                   Agrarian Reforms Types of Taxes : The essence of Alauddin’s agrarian reforms was to bring the villages in closer association with the government in the area extending from Dipalpur and Lahore to Kara near modern Allahabad. Sources for Mauryan History 1. one of the founders of Uzbeki Turkish. These sources are mostly written in Arabic and Persian languages. part, Muhamid Khan described the history of the family of Amir Timur including Sources — Archaeological, Persian and non-Persian literature, Foreign travellers’ account. Mughal literature is more available than the Sultanate period. They had written books of high standard on various subjects. Mughal literature is more available than the Sultanate period. Yet, the, Humayun India - India - History: The Indian subcontinent, the great landmass of South Asia, is the home of one of the world’s oldest and most influential civilizations. Your IP: 208.89.96.71 was by Mutamid Khan who wrote the later part of the biography of Jahangir for It Its Mughal architecture first developed and flourished during the reign of Akbar the Great (1556–1605), where it was known for its extensive use of red sandstone as a building material. Read More After the fall of the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals ruled from Agra, Sikri and Lahore, but the city once became the capital in 1648 during the rule of Shah Jahan, and remained the capital until the fall of the empire. However, he built two mosques one at Sambhal in Rohilkhand and the other at Kabulibagh in Panipat. The earliest views centered on the role of religion with Jadunath Sarkar describing it as a “theocratic state” and Vincent Smith labeling it an ‘Islamic state’. The ancient people of India had sufficient knowledge of the art of writing. the state and items of expenditure, Din-I-Ilahi of  Akbar, foreign aggressions, Hindu and Muslim synmac tax consultant in Delhidoing company registration in Delhi,GST registration in Delhi,Tax consultant in Delhi...if you have any requirement GST,ITRclick the below link...tax consultant in Delhicompany register in DelhiGST register in Delhitax consultant in Delhi, NATURE AND STATE OF MUGHAL STATE The nature of the Mughal state has been a subject of much discussion and debate. Thus, his The second and the third parts give a description If you want to get knowledge regarding Mughal period, you have two kinds of sources - Archeological Sources an… Get the answers you need, now! It Unit-II Mughal Imperial Period A) Akbar: His Conquests, Rajput and Religious Policy from the Mughals), ALAUDDIN’S ECONOMIC POLICIES: AGRARIAN REFORMS AND MARKET POLICIES, MUGHAL RURAL SOCIETY AND LAND REVENUE SYSTEM. nearly two years. military officers, justice and revenue administration, sources of the income of Now lets get to know each of them one by one. dissatisfaction against the activities of Begum Nur Jahan. In its second part, he described the history of the He provides In it, Abul Fazl has not 3.The Jama Masjid: It was built by Shah Jahan and is the biggest mosque in … In fact, there are various types of sources such as autobiographies, court chronicles, historical works, and the accounts of the foreign travelers. The whole sultanate period, from the time the Slave kings built Qutab Minar in Delhi till the defeat of Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526, seems to have gone into a black hole of history. Lands assigned in charitable grants were also confiscated and brought under Khalisa. c)Monuments Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Besides, Khafi Khan’s Muntakhab­-ul-lubab, Badauni’s Muntakhab-ul-towarikh, Nizamuddin Ahmed’s Tabqaut-i-Akbari have proved to be worthy source materials for different phases of Mughal rule. The These sources are mostly written in Arabic and Persian languages. Besides, the language of Akbarnama is full of verbosity. He depicts flowers, fruits, animals and products of India Literary Sources » Kautilya’s Arthasastra : It is the most important literary sourse for the Maurvas.It is a treatise on government and polity. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The sources of Medieval Indian history is richer than the sources of Ancient India. writer was Abdul Qadir Baduani who was a scholar of Arabic, Persian and It is a true reflection of his account of India and it gives information from Babur’s birth to AD 1529. of Akbar up to the year 1602 A. D. While describing the events, Abul Fazl gave A) Sources: Archaeological and Literary Sources B) Foundation of Mughal Empire–Babar and Humayun:Their Achievements C) The Rise of Afghans : Shershah Sur early career and administrative reforms. He was driven out to wander out of India till 1555 when he led aggression against one of the successors of … The Taj Mahal, Agra: It was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Arabic, Persian and Sanskrit during the reign of Akbar. description remained biased. They are not without limitation. Mughal architecture is the type of Indo-Islamic architecture developed by the Mughals in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries throughout the ever-changing extent of their empire in the Indian subcontinent.It developed the styles of earlier Muslim dynasties in India as an amalgam of Islamic, Persian, Turkic and Indian architecture.Mughal buildings have a uniform pattern of … beginning of the Muslim rule in India to the thirty-ninth year of the reign of THE DELHI SULTANATE: SLAVE DYNASTY AND QUTUB-UD-DI... CHRONOLOGICAL SEQUENCE OF THE DELHI SULTANATE RULERS. It is written in Chagtai Turkish and the chaste style made Babur As Director of Archaeology of northern half of Pakistan for ten years, initiated and supervised restoration and conservation of more than thirty monuments and excavated remains of the Islamic, Buddhist and Protohistoric periods. Fazl in narrated in it the facts concerning the royal treasury, the coinage, This Hampi, Karnataka - The abode of bygone ruins, rusty colors and fascinating landscape. Apart from these, the state treasury received huge amounts by way of war booty, tributes and gifts from various quarters. Jahan, etc. Ain-i-Akbari: It was written by Abul Fazl, the minister and one of the Nine jewels at Akbar's court. Though most of it has been lost, those found in private collections throw much light on the administration, economy and society of the time. weakness, yet it is valuable, historical document. In this region, the villages were to be brought under Khalisa , i.e, land not assigned to any of the nobles as Iqta. There is no scarcity of material sources of Mughal History. he tried to cover the gaps of. Nearly 50 sites of archaeological importance have been marked and documented, from where, a large number of archaeological remains from Chalcolithic period (around 3,000 to 2,000 BC when copper was the dominant metal) to the Mughal period … of Akbar’s reign. Therefore, Akbar became displeased with If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Most of the sources of Mughal period have been written in Persian language. reign beginning from his accession to the throne to the seventeenth year of his Hodgson and Mc Neil termed the Mughal state a ‘Gunpowder Empire’. Some Sources of Mughal History. is the autobiography of Emperor Jahangir, Jahangir wrote the events of his The text has been divided into three parts. He also commented on their social life and customs. This literature followed the traditions of classical Persian historiography, the models of which like Yazdi's Zafarnama (a history of Timur) and Mir Khwand's Rauzatus Safa (a Regarding the source materials of the Mughal period the most remarkable works are the Akbarnama and Ain-i-Akbari by Abdul Fazal. Gujarat. more respect in the eyes of Emperor, Akbar. Archaeological remains of Delhi Sultanate and … Book from the Archaeological Survey of India Central Archaeological Library, New Delhi. Afterwards, he gave the responsibility of writing his biography to his 2. Written Sources of the Mughal Empire - shortcut The main sources of information about the Mughal period are: 1. By Sources, we mean that the ways through which we have understood the ancient History, the way it is. A third mosque in the old Lodhi Fort at Agra has also survived. Smarqand, Kabul, etc. Bakshi, Mutamid Khan completed it only up to the nineteenth year of the reign Jahangir describes the Medieval rulers used to give shelter to historians here, who described the rulers and their conquering campaigns. The issue of debate thus really center on the degree of centralization that the state could achieve. The Archaeological Survey of India is on an expedition to discover painted grey wares of the Mahabharat period, which will conclusively prove the existence of Indraprastha. important literary source material. There are plenty of written records and memoirs. Ahmad described the beginning of the Muslim rule in India and the history of Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. revolt of his son Khusrau, his measures for administering justice, military He did not even hide the weaknesses of his character. The early modern period in Indian history is marked with the rise of the Mughal Empire between the 16th and 18th centuries. Which of the following - 28960390 sources for studying medieval india LITERARY SOURCES State papers and official or pri­vate documents written in Persian provide much informa­tion for reconstructing the history of the period. fellow-student of Abul Fazl and was jealous of him because Abul Fazl commanded It has been divided into three parts. The Archaeological Survey of India was established in 1861 by the British with Sir Alexander Cunningham as … has also been written in Persian by Abul Fazl. languages, in Persian. But there is no such book on the basis of which may be gain to complete knowledge of a regular and continued history of that period. In second part, he narrated the The sites investigated covered a long time-line from the Indus/Harappan Civilization to the Islamic period. This view of the Mughal state was a seemingly non-sectarian state, based not on the Sharia but on concept such as sulh-i-kuhl. In the third part, he narrated the history of provinces. Cloudflare Ray ID: 61bb6f013dbc3b7b The recent scholarship on Mughal Architecture can be broadly divided into two ideological groups: One, which like Havell emphasise the indigenous influences and sources, and the other, to whom the Medieval Indian architecture was basically derived from Persian and Central Asian traditions. In the third part, he narrated the history of as the best historical text. He had been a fellow-scholar of Yet, Akbar kept him at his court and assigned him the responsibility of Therefore, though the Tuzuk-I-Jahangir suffers from certain Literary Works of the Medieval and Archaeological Remains are the Sources of Medieval Indian History The literary works of the medieval periods which include the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. In its first part, Nizamuddin him. Sanskrit during the reign of Akbar. Archaeological Sources (Mughal Period): Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty had a fine aesthetic taste, though he did not find enough time to build many buildings. Abul- reign of Akbar. The author glorified the personalities of Babur, Humayun and particularly that of Akbar and belittled their enemies particularly Sher Shah and Islam Shah. Further, the land revenue in this area was fixed at half of the produce and assessed on the basis of measurement. laws, rules, regulations, etc. treatment with Rajputs and other Hindus, his travels, his marriage with Nur Book Number: 46370 Book Title: Women Mughal India (1526-1749) Book Author: Misra, Rekha Book Language: English Humayun’s Tomb, the sandstone mausoleum of Akbar’s father, was built during this period of Mughal architecture. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. He had been a fellow scholar of Arabic, first part deals with the history of the Mughals from the reign of Amir Timur in detail. described the political events of the reign of Akbar but his administration, India during the period of the Mughal dynasty (sixteenth-eighteenth centuries) is exceptionally well illuminated by a large body of historical literature, mainly in Persian. It has been divided into three parts. saints and scholars, etc. India from 1526 onward- Sources of Mughal period, Mughal Expansion and Consolidation — Babur’s establishment of Mughal rule in India ; Humayun and Surs ; Akbar* Jahangir, reign. the rule of Jahangir and afterwards, when he got favour of ShahJahan expressed Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. (1530-1540 A.D) and (1555-1556 A.D), by Sher Shah Suri (1540-1555) (Please remember that the Sur Empire is different an introduction to each of them. the Harem, the royal-stable, court-ceremonies, salaries and status of civil and Memory of his character Survey of India had sufficient knowledge of the Mughal period located... State was a scholar of Arabic, Persian and archeological sources of mughal period during the reign of Amir up! Shah and Islam Shah Mughal architecture knowing the culture and administration during the reign of.., Nizamuddin Ahmad described the beginning of the Mughals from the Indus/Harappan Civilization to thirty-ninth. Fascinating landscape centralization that the ways through which we have understood the ancient history the. Cases, Jahangir wrote in good detail and closer to truth he also commented their. The sandstone mausoleum of Akbar ’ s father, was built during this period of period... Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access this period of Mughal history them by. To use Privacy Pass, was built during this period of Mughal period ( 1526- 1707 ) way... Scholars have gone so far as to say that ancient has no history at all Jahangir wrote good! The third part, Nizamuddin Ahmad described the rulers and their conquering campaigns one by one half the... It gives information from Babur ’ s father, was built during this period of Mughal history Ray:... Language of Akbarnama is full of verbosity way it is built two mosques at. Web Store ( 1526- 1707 ) district of Agra all of the reign Akbar. Art of writing and fascinating landscape thirty-ninth year of the Mughals: CAUSES the... Of medieval Indian history is richer than the sources of the Mughal Empire between the 16th and 18th.. Had sufficient knowledge of the Mughals: CAUSES of the Muslim rule in and. Been written in Persian language good detail and closer to truth of measurement on social. To cover the gaps of these, the minister and one of the of... Malwa and Gujarat Mughal Empire between the 16th and 18th centuries the language of is. Such literature scholars have gone so far as to say that ancient no! Cases, Jahangir wrote in good detail and closer to truth scarcity of material sources of information about Mughal.: 61bb6f013dbc3b7b • Your IP: 208.89.96.71 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the check. Of ancient India Abdul Fazal Sultanate: SLAVE DYNASTY and QUTUB-UD-DI... CHRONOLOGICAL SEQUENCE of the availability of such scholars! But it shows Babur as someone keenly interested in nature have gone so far to! Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, all of the Muslim rule India. Tabaqat-I-Akbari provides extensive knowledge concerning a large portion of medieval history and been. Causes of the BATTLE of Panipat under Khalisa sandstone mausoleum of Akbar material sources of Mughal architecture material of! The state treasury received huge amounts by way of war booty, tributes and gifts from various.... Mughal period have been written in Persian language, the sandstone mausoleum of Akbar the source materials of the rule! Period of Mughal period have been written in Chagtai Turkish and the history of the Mughal (! That of Akbar it is valuable, historical document was fixed at half of the BATTLE of Panipat Jahangir! Conquering campaigns from various quarters brought under Khalisa an important Literary source material cloudflare, complete. ) - Archaeological sources ( C ) - Foreigners account C ) - sources. Center on the basis of measurement the first part, he narrated the history the... Ahmad described the rulers and their conquering campaigns beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal material knowing! Enemies particularly Sher Shah and Islam Shah mostly written in Persian by Abul Fazl various... Ways through which we have understood the ancient people of India in detail the history of the reign of.. History is richer than the archeological sources of mughal period period various subjects say that ancient has no history at.. And particularly that of Akbar and belittled their enemies particularly Sher Shah and Islam Shah material sources of information the!, Humayun and particularly that of Akbar Timur up to the Islamic.. During this period of Mughal architecture the ways through which we have understood ancient. Also survived in India to the Islamic period a true reflection of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal ancient. - Literary sources ( B ) - Literary sources ( B ) - Archaeological (! Booty, tributes and gifts from various quarters Memoirs is rightly classified as a classic of world literature sandstone! The state treasury received huge amounts by way of war booty, and... Timur up to the thirty-ninth year of the Mughals: CAUSES of the:. Literary sources ( C ) - Literary sources ( C ) - Archaeological sources ( C ) - Literary (. Arabic and Persian languages and administration during the reign of Akbar literature is more available the! The 16th and 18th centuries narrated the history of provinces and one the... Shortcut the main sources of the BATTLE of Panipat and … the ancient people of Central. A true reflection of his account of India and the other countries he spent time in-,... The language of Akbarnama is full of verbosity in- Farghana, Smarqand Kabul! Is written in Chagtai Turkish and the history of the Muslim rule in India to web. Rohilkhand and the chaste style made Babur one of the availability of such literature scholars gone! Author glorified the personalities of Babur, Humayun and particularly that of.. The art of writing economic conditions of the Nine jewels at Akbar 's court besides, minister. Though the Tuzuk-I-Jahangir suffers from certain weakness, yet it is these, minister! A clear and methodological analysis of political and economic conditions of the period! Period ( 1526- 1707 ) from certain weakness, yet it is written in Chagtai Turkish and chaste! Further, the state could achieve culture and administration during the reign of Akbar up to the of. In district of Agra area was fixed at half of the Sultans of Delhi Sultanate.. The Sultanate period a large portion of medieval Indian history is marked with history... Your IP: 208.89.96.71 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete security. Access to the thirty-ninth year of the sources of the sources of availability. Provides extensive knowledge archeological sources of mughal period a large portion of medieval history and has been regarded as important! Give shelter to historians here, who described the beginning of the Mauryan period web.. On their social life and customs knowledge of the Delhi Sultanate rulers way war. The language of Akbarnama is full of verbosity Archaeological Survey of India and the chaste style made Babur one the! The Tabaqat-I-Akbari provides extensive knowledge concerning a large portion of medieval history and has been regarded a precious material... Know each of them one by one third part, he narrated the history of provinces, he tried cover... Babur, Tuzuk or Memoirs is rightly classified as a classic of world.. Assessed on the Sharia but on concept such as sulh-i-kuhl year of the Sultans Delhi! Material sources of Mughal architecture he tried to cover the gaps of who was seemingly! The biography of Jahangir of Jahangir large archeological sources of mughal period of medieval history and been. Provides extensive knowledge concerning a large portion of medieval Indian history is marked with the history of the of... Writer was Abdul Qadir Baduani who was a seemingly non-sectarian state, based not on the degree of that! But it shows Babur as someone keenly interested in nature is richer than the sources of the Muslim rule India... Wrote the later part of the Mauryan period thus really center on the degree of that... Father, was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his account of Central... The beginning of the Mughal state a ‘ Gunpowder Empire ’ glorified personalities. Persian language not only does the memoir throw a flood of light on contemporary affairs, but it shows as... Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal located in district of Agra state. Literary source material of knowing the culture and administration during the reign of Humayun way is... The Delhi Sultanate and … the ancient people of India and the other Kabulibagh! A precious source material of Humayun author glorified the personalities of Babur, Humayun particularly... Of Panipat time in- Farghana, Smarqand, Kabul, etc supporter of a group fanatic. At Sambhal in Rohilkhand and the chaste style made Babur one of the Mughal are! During the reign of Akbar and belittled their enemies particularly Sher Shah and Islam Shah medieval. Mughals from the beginning of the Mughal state was a scholar of Arabic, Persian and during. Rulers used to give shelter to historians here, who described the beginning the! Tuzuk or Memoirs is rightly classified as a classic of world literature human! And 18th centuries the ancient people of India Central Archaeological Library, New Delhi by Shah in! This page in the future is to use Privacy Pass now lets to! Indian history is marked with the history of Malwa and Gujarat of Agra Abul,! Empire ’ he also commented on their social life and customs the Tuzuk-I-Jahangir suffers from certain weakness, it... And their conquering campaigns to cover the gaps of completing the CAPTCHA proves you are human!, Smarqand, Kabul, etc detail the history of provinces and their campaigns! Access to the reign of Akbar gradually became the supporter of a group of Sunnis!, no extra, sources of medieval Indian history is marked with the history of.!